What is an earthquake?
An earthquake is a ground shaking caused by the sudden release of energy in the lithosphere of the earth. The scale of earthquakes varies from weak ones that cannot be felt to strong ones that cause enormous damage to buildings and other structures. Earthquakes are often caused by crustal movements.
Why do earthquakes occur in Japan?
Japan is located in an earthquake-prone region called the Pacific Ring of Fire. About 90% of the world’s earthquakes and about 75% of the world’s volcanoes are located in the Ring of Fire. Japan is particularly vulnerable to earthquakes because it lies on the boundaries of multiple plates.
What can you do to prepare for an earthquake?
There are several things you can do to prepare for an earthquake. First, understand the earthquake risk in the area where you live. Next, prepare an emergency take-out bag for an earthquake. This kit should include food, water, first aid supplies, etc. Finally, make a home disaster prevention plan. This plan should include where you will meet if your home is damaged, how utilities will be shut down, and so on.
How to deal with earthquakes?
If you are indoors when an earthquake strikes, get down on the ground, hide under sturdy furniture, and hold out until the shaking stops. If you are outdoors, stay away from dangerous objects such as buildings and power lines. After the shaking stops, check for injuries or damage. If there is damage, call for help. Finally, listen to local news and more about aftershocks and other dangers.